Experts on domestic violence see abuse as a pattern of behaviors. In 1984, the Domestic Abuse Intervention Project in Duluth, Minnesota, developed the Power and Control Wheel, which depicts the primary ways that abusive men control their victims. The wheel was designed by more than 200 battered women who participated in educational sessions the shelter sponsored. In 2006, the Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence designed the Runaway Teen Power and Control Wheel as part of its Teen Dating Violence Among Runaway and Homeless Youth curriculum.
Other models for looking at domestic violence can be used in conjunction with the Wheel of Power and Control.