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Bullied Youth: The Impact of Bullying Through Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Name Calling
Evans, C. B. R.,
Chapman, M. V.
Published: November, 2014
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
American Psychological Association (APA)
Understanding the various forms of bullying as well as the language used in bullying is important, these authors say, particularly for victims of biased-based bullying such as being called gay, lesbian, or queer. In this study, they examined bullying experiences in a racially and ethnically diverse sample of 3,379 rural elementary-, middle-, and high-school youth. Latent class analysis was used to establish clusters of bullying behaviors, including forms of biased-based bullying, and the resulting classes were examined to ascertain if and how bullying by biased-based labeling was clustered with other forms of bullying behavior. Three classes of youth were identified: those who experienced no bullying victimization, those who experienced social and emotional bullying, and those who experienced all forms of social and physical bullying, including being called gay, lesbian, or queer. Youth in Classes 2 and 3 labeled their experiences as bullying. Findings suggest a relationship between being called gay, lesbian, and queer and most extensive experiences of various forms of bullying, highlighting the importance of increased support for this vulnerable group. Modified Author Abstract.
Correspondence to: Caroline B. R. Evans, School of Social Work, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Tate-Turner-Kuralt Building, 325 Pittsboro Street, Campus Box 3550, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3550; E-mail: email@example.com, Website: http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/ort/84/6/