Meeting the mental health needs of homeless students in schools: A Multi-Tiered System of Support framework

Sulkowski, M. L.,
Michael, K.
Published: September, 2014
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
Children and Youth Services Review
Volume: 44


The number of homeless youth in the U.S. has reached a record high and is a growing social problem. Homeless youth are at significant risk for experiencing a range of negative life-outcomes, including school dropout, mental health problems, illicit substance use, suicidality, and early mortality. Fortunately, many homeless youth regularly attend school, especially younger youth and those who are members of homeless families. Therefore, these authors say, school-based mental health professionals are in a position to help support these students. Toward this end, they propose the use of a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) framework to meet the mental health needs of homeless students in schools. Specifically, they draw from a public health service delivery model to discuss service delivery at universal, selective, and indicated levels. Finally, the authors discuss the importance of integrated service-delivery across systems of care to address the diverse needs of homeless students. Modified Author Abstract.

Correspondence to: Michael L. Sulkowski, University of Arizona, Box 210069, Tucson, AZ 85721-0069; Telephone: (520) 621-7822; Fax: (520) 621 3821, E-mail:, Website:
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