Shared Longitudinal Predictors of Physical Peer and Dating Violence

Authors: 
Foshee, V. A.,
Reyes, L. M.,
Tharp, A. T.,
Chang, L.,
Ennett, S. T.,
Simon, T. R.,
Latzman, N. E.,
Suchindran, C.
Published: January, 2015
Type: 
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
Journal of Adolescent Health
Volume: 56

Issue: 1
Organization: 
Elsevier
Abstract: 

Adolescent violence prevention programs typically address either peer violence (PV) or dating violence (DV) but not both. However, if PV and DV share predictors, prevention strategies could target both behaviors. These authors used longitudinal data to determine the extent to which physical PV and DV shared predictors. They examined both risk and protective factors at multiple levels of the social ecology. Adolescents in the 8th through 10th grades completed self-administered questionnaires in fall 2003 and again in spring 2004 (n=4,227). For both boys and girls, anger, family conflict, and having models of deviant behavior in the school were shared risk factors, and holding prosocial beliefs was a shared protective factor. For girls, anxiety and having models of deviant behavior in the neighborhood were additional shared risk factors. For boys, heavy alcohol use was an additional shared risk factor, and parental monitoring was an additional shared protective factor. Findings suggest the potential to develop comprehensive prevention strategies to reduce both PV and DV based on shared predictors. Modified Author Abstract.

Availability: 
Correspondence to: Vangie A. Foshee, Ph.D., Department of Health Behavior, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 319B Rosenau Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400; E-mail: foshee@email.unc.edu, Website: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/1054139X/56/1
Notes: 
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