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Social and Sexual Risk Factors Among Sexual Minority Youth
Year Published: 2015
Journal of LGBT Youth
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
These authors used data from the the 2011 Wisconsin Youth Risk Behavior Survey to explore the characteristics and risk behaviors of sexual minority high school students. Among 3,043 students surveyed, 8 percent identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or unsure (LGBU), and 7 percent reported having sexual contact with same-sex partners. Findings indicate that sexual minority students experience some health disparities, although HIV sexual risk behaviors were not significantly associated with minority sexual orientation. Some social factors, including forced sexual activity, depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and bullying, appear to be indirect drivers of HIV associated with sexual minority students. Results suggest a need to expand prevention efforts beyond sexual risk behaviors to include the complex social and structural factors that may be contributing to HIV risk, especially among sexual minority youth. Modified Author Abstract.