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Unequal Treatment of Transgender Individuals in Domestic Violence and Rape Crisis Programs
Seelman, K. L.
Year Published: 2015
Journal of Social Service Research
Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
The National Transgender Discrimination Survey, conducted in 2008-2009 by the National Center for Transgender Equality and the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, collected data about discrimination affecting transgender people across a variety of settings. The present authors used these data to examine whether certain sociodemographic factors and psychosocial risks are significant predictors of unequal treatment of transgender people in domestic violence programs (N = 2,438) and rape crisis centers (N = 2,424). For both settings, those who were low-income and not U.S. citizens were more likely to experience unequal treatment based upon being transgender or gender-nonconforming. Within domestic violence programs, transgender people of color, those with disabilities, and those more frequently perceived to be transgender by others were more likely to experience unequal treatment. Psychosocial risk factors predicted unequal treatment in both settings. The authors discuss the implications for social service practice and research. Modified Author Abstract.