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Are Parental Relationships Always Protective? A Social Network Analysis of Black, Latino, and White Homeless Youth and Sexual Risk-Taking Behaviors
Craddock, J. B.,
Published: Electronically published in 2016 (a more recently published version of this article may be available)
To inform the development of HIV prevention efforts targeting minority homeless youth, these authors investigated risk and protective factors associated with parental relationships in a convenience sample of Black, Latino, and White homeless youth (N = 754). Forty-five percent (n = 338) of youth identified a parent in their network. Having at least one parent in the network was significantly associated with decreased odds of using a condom for Black and White youth. Black youth were almost four times more likely to report being tested for HIV, whereas Latino youth were 91 percent less likely to report being tested, if they talked with their parents about sex. Black youth who identified a parent as a positive influence were almost four times more likely to have used a condom during their last sexual encounter. Results suggest that parent–child HIV prevention interventions targeting homeless youth would benefit from culturally tailored adaptations. Modified Author Abstract.