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A Clustered Randomized Controlled Trial of the Positive Prevention PLUS Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program
LaChausse, R. G.
Year Published: 2016
American Journal of Public Health
American Public Health Association
This author assessed the impact of Positive Prevention PLUS, a school-based adolescent pregnancy prevention program, on delaying sexual intercourse, birth control use, and pregnancy in a diverse sample of ninth grade students. A cluster-randomized trial with 21 suburban public high schools in California compared treatment (n = 2,483) and control (n = 1,784) groups. Between October 2013 and May 2014, participants completed baseline and 6-month follow-up surveys regarding sexual behavior and pregnancy. Participants in the treatment group received Positive Prevention PLUS, an 11-lesson program focusing on the benefits of abstinence, assertive communication, and various risk reduction skills. The program had statistically significant impacts on delaying sexual intercourse and increasing the use of birth control. However, there was no significant effect on pregnancy rates at follow-up. Modified Author Abstract.