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A Longitudinal Study of IPV Victimization Among Sexual Minority Youth
Whitton, S. W.,
Newcomb, M. E.,
Messinger, A. M.,
Published: Electronically published in 2016 (a more recently published version of this article may be available)
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
These authors examined IPV victimization in an ethnically diverse, community-based sample of 248 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth (aged 16-20 at baseline). Six waves of data across a 5-year period revealed high, stable rates of IPV victimization that differed between demographic groups. Overall, 45.2 percent of LGBT youth were physically abused and 16.9 percent were sexually victimized by a dating partner during the study. Odds of physical victimization were 1.76 times higher for female than for male LGBT youth, 2.46 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, and 2 to 4 times higher for racial-ethnic minorities than for white youth. Physical IPV declined with age for white youth but remained stable for racial-ethnic minorities. Odds of sexual victimization were 3.42 times higher for transgender than for cisgender youth, 1.75 times higher for bisexual or questioning than for gay or lesbian youth, and increased more with age for male than female participants. In prospective analyses, sexual IPV predicted increased psychological distress, and both IPV types marginally predicted increased marijuana use. Modified Author Abstract.