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School-Based Protective Factors Related to Suicide for Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Adolescents
Shapiro, V. B.,
Shields, J. P.
Year Published: 2016
Journal of Adolescent Health
Research indicates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents are three times more likely to consider suicide than their heterosexual peers. Although studies have identified risk factors for suicide among LGB youth, little is known about school-level protective factors that may buffer the impact of risk. In this study, the authors explored whether school safety, relationships with caring adults at school, and school connectedness are associated with decreased suicidal ideation for LGB adolescents. They conducted logistic regression analyses using data for 356 LGB adolescents (17 percent transgender) in the San Francisco Unified School District’s 2011 California Healthy Kids Survey. Results indicated that higher levels of school connectedness predicted reduced suicidal ideation, controlling for risk factors and demographic variables. Findings suggest that enhancing school connectedness could be a promising component of school-based suicide preventive interventions for LGB youth. Modified Author Abstract.