Caregiver qualities, family closeness, and the well-being of adolescents engaged in the child welfare system

Cederbaum. J. A.,
He, A. S.,
Fulginiti, A.,
Sullivan, K.,
Krauss, M. D.,
Amutah, N.,
Pohle, C.
Year Published: 2017
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
Children and Youth Services Review
Volume: 73

Issue: February 2017

Children who come into contact with the child welfare system are at elevated risk of experiencing internalizing and externalizing behaviors. In this secondary analysis of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (n = 877 caregiver-adolescent dyads), the authors explored how caregiver characteristics and caregiver–child closeness, influence these outcomes over time. Weighted multivariate regression analyses showed that caregiver age and education were associated with depressive symptoms, but caregiver health was not associated with internalizing or externalizing behaviors. For adolescents, being female, older, or Hispanic was associated with internalizing behaviors. Although not significant for externalizing behaviors, caregiver–adolescent closeness was protective against internalizing behaviors. Findings have implications for family-based interventions with child welfare-involved youth. Modified Author Abstract.

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