Correlates of educational success: Predictors of school dropout and graduation for urban students in the Deep South

Robison, S.,
Jaggers, J.,
Rhodes, J.,
Blackmon, B. J.,
Church, W.
Year Published: 2017
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
Children and Youth Services Review
Volume: 73

Issue: February 2017

These authors examined predictors of school dropout and graduation in a sample of students (n=596,537) attending public schools in Louisiana. They used secondary administrative data from the state departments of education and juvenile justice to examine the relative impacts of demographic characteristics (race, gender, birth year), school-related factors (grade failure, free lunch status, average number of days missed per year, expulsions) and juvenile justice contact on school graduation and dropout. Across models, juvenile justice contact and school expulsion were the best predictors of negative school outcomes. Race was not as predictive of dropout as were other factors. Findings suggest that interventions, practices, and policies in schools to prevent negative behavior and subsequent expulsion and/or juvenile justice contact may impact the more distal outcomes of high school graduation and dropout. Modified Author Abstract.

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