The Effect of Minimum Wages on Adolescent Fertility: A Nationwide Analysis

Authors: 
Bullinger, L. R.
Year Published: 2017
Type: 
Journal Article
Journal Name: 
American Journal of Public Health
Volume: 107

Issue: 3
Organization: 
American Public Health Association
Abstract: 

This author investigated the effect of minimum wage laws on adolescent birth rates in the United States, using a difference-in-differences approach and vital statistics data measured quarterly at the state level from 2003 to 2014. All models included state covariates, state and quarter-year fixed effects, and state-specific quarter-year nonlinear time trends to provide plausibly causal estimates of the effect of minimum wage on adolescent birth rates. Results showed that a $1 increase in the real minimum wage reduced adolescent birth rates by approximately 2 percent. The effects were driven by non-Hispanic White and Hispanic adolescents. Nationwide, increasing minimum wages by $1 could result in about 5,000 fewer adolescent births annually. Although the unemployment rate was also found to be a powerful predictor of adolescent fertility, minimum wage had a robust effect on adolescent birth rates independent of the unemployment rate. Modified Author Abstract.

Availability: 
http://ajph.aphapublications.org/toc/ajph/107/3
Notes: 
Copyright Protected
Monday-Friday
9-5 pm Eastern