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Effectiveness of Multisystemic Therapy for gang-involved youth offenders: One year follow-up analysis of recidivism outcomes
Year Published: 2017
Children and Youth Services Review
Issue: February 2017
These authors examined the longer-term (12 months post-discharge) outcomes of gang-involved and uninvolved youth who were referred for Multisystemic Therapy (MST) by their local justice authorities. From an initial sample of 421 youth, they applied an intent-to-treat analysis to 409 youth with available recidivism data. Nonparametric and event history analytic methods were used to analyze data on re-arrests. Results showed an overall re-arrest rate of 30 percent, and this rate did not differ significantly as the function of gang involvement. Additionally, there were no significant differences between gang and nongang youth in the numbers of re-arrests, nor in the time to arrest. Gang youth had higher rates of violent arrests than did nongang youth, but the difference was not significant. Findings suggest that MST has the potential for a preventive impact for both gang-involved and uninvolved youth. Modified Author Abstract.