More Than Poverty: The Effect of Child Abuse and Neglect on Teen Pregnancy Risk
Garwood, S. K.,
Year Published: 2015
Journal of Adolescent Health
These authors compared risk for teen pregnancy between children living in poverty with no child protective services (CPS) report history and those in poverty with a history of CPS report. Children selected from families in poverty, both with and without CPS report histories, were prospectively followed from 1993 to 2009 using electronic administrative records from agencies including CPS, emergency departments, Medicaid services, and juvenile courts. A total of 3,281 adolescent females were followed until the age of 18 years. Among teens with history of poverty only, 16.8 percent had been pregnant at least once by the age of 17 years. Among teens with history of both poverty and report of child abuse or neglect, 28.9 percent had been pregnant at least once by the age of 17 years. Findings indicate that maltreatment is a significant risk factor for teen pregnancy among low income youth, even after controlling for neighborhood disadvantage, other caregiver risks and indicators of individual emotional and behavioral problems. Modified Author Abstract.